TimeLine of The French and Indian War

 

 

 

 

Year

French and Indian War

World

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

1749

                                          

March 16 King George II granted large tracts of land to the Ohio Company.The grant had a stipulation that the company must establish a settlement of 100 families and build a fort within seven years

 

June 15 Marquis de La Galissoniere sent Captain Pierre Joseph Celeron de Blainville into this Ohio country  with 213 men to plant lead tablets proclaim French sovereignty in the Ohio country

July 9 – The naval settlement of Halifax, Nova Scotia is founded as the British answer to Louisbourg.

 

 

 

 

1750

 

 

 

 

1751

 

 

 

 

1752

 

 

 

 

1753

 

June 21 half French-Indian agent, Charles Langlade, who led the Ojibwas (Chippewas) attacks Pickawilly, Ohio, the main base of the Miami Indians who had been trading with the English

July 11 Fort Le Boeuf built by French

Ohio Vally

 

Oct 31 Washington departs Williamsburg for Fort LeBoeuf

 

Dec 11 Washington delivers ultimatum

 

 

 

1754

April 16, French expel Washington from site of Fort Duquense

 

May 27  Washington has skirmish with  French party

French commander Jumonville killed and 9 others

 

July 3   

French attack Fort Necessity  with 700 men, Washington and 400 men surrender

 

June 19  The Albany Congress of New England

 

 

 

1755

Jan  Vaudreuil appointed Gov of New France

 

Feb Braddock arrives in Virginia from England with 1,000 men

 

April 14 British decide upon a 4 part attack plan for New France Braddock is to take Fort Duquense and Ohio country, Gov. Shirley is to take drive toward Niagara, Indian Superintendant William Johnson is to take Crown Point, Brig. Gen Robert Monckton is to invade French Arcadia

 

June 3 Bay of Fundy Brig. Gen Robert Monockton with 2,000

land in Acadia, begin to attack French Fort Beausejour

 

June 6 74 French Alcide and 22 gun Lys captured

 

June 16 Fort Beausejour surrenders

 

July 8 Capt. Beaujeu leaves Fort Duquesnse with 259 French & 650 Indians to ambush Braddock

 

June 16 Dieskau arrives to take command of defense of New France

July 9  Battle of Monongahela River

English lose 914 men out of an est. 1,300, French lose 44, English war plans captured

 

July 13 Braddock dies of wounds

July 25 - The decision to deport the Acadians

Sept 8  Battle of Lake George Dieskau captured leading frontal assault, Johnson's assault on Canada halted

 

Sept almost 2,000 sailors of  English blockading Louisbourg are dead from disease

Nov 1 Lisbon earthquake

 

 

1756

March 27 Lery attacks Fort Bull near Oswego with 360 French and Indians, almost all 70 English defenders killed

April  Montcalm takes charge of forces in New France

 

May Montcalm arrives with 1,200 men

 

May 17 Formal declaration of War between England and France

July James Campbell, Earl of Loundoun arrives to replace Mass. Gov Shirley as overall commander

 

Aug 14  British Fort Oswego surrenders, 1,700 prisoners taken, fort  is burned to the ground

 

Dec William Pitt becomes Secretary of State for the Southern Department and responsible for the American colonies

American colonist treated more as partners rather than subjects-promises reimbursement for war expenses,no demotion for provincial officers in army-great surge of support in the colonies

April 12 - Seven Years' War: The French invade Minorca,

 

May 28 - Seven Years' War: The British garrison in Minorca surrenders to the French.

 

August 29 - Frederick the Great invades Saxony, beginning the war on the continent.

 

October 1 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Lobositz: Frederick defeats an Austrian army

 

 

1757

June 5 Loundoun sails from New York to attack Louisbourg, English army of 11,000 in Halifax

 

June 19 French Adm. La Motte arrives with 9 ships of the line and 7,000 troops reaches Louisbourg

 

Aug English decide to abandon attack of Luoisbourg

 

Aug 9  Siege of  Fort William Henry

Montcalm with 6,200 regulars and 1,800 Indians Attack 2,500 under Lt. Col. Monro at Fort William Henry, fort

surrenders ,about 200 English  massacred by Indians after leaving fort

 

Sept 24 several English ships sunk in storm blockading Louisbourg

January 2 - Britain captures Calcutta

 

June 23 - Battle of Plassey: 3,000 British troops under Robert Clive defeat a 50,000 strong Indian army under Siraj ud-Daulah at Plassey.

 

July 26 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Hastenbeck: An Anglo-Hanoverian army under the Duke of Cumberland is defeated by the French under Louis d'Estrées and forced out of Hanover.

November 5 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Rossbach: Frederick defeats the French-Imperial army under the Duc de Soubise and Prince Joseph of Saxe-Hildburghausen, forcing the French to withdraw from Saxony.

 

 

1758

March  Abercromby replaces Loudoun as overall commander

July 8  British defeat at Battle of Fort Carillon

Major Gen. Abercromby 6,000 regulars and 9,000 colonials attacks Montcalm with 3,600 in a frontal assault, English army routed in counter-attack. English lose 1,944, French 377

 

July 27 Louisbourg surrenders

 

Aug 14 French Fort Frontenac surrenders to British t.Col Bradstreet, French lose control of Lake Ontario

 

Sept Brig Gen John Forbes begins slow march upon Fort Duquense with 1,600 including Washington

Nov  Amherst replaces Abercromby

 

Nov  24  French abandon Fort Duquesne, renamed Pittsborough Forbes dies of sickness

June 23 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Krefeld: Anglo-Hanoverian forces under Ferdinand of Brunswick defeat the French.

 

October 16 - Seven Years' War - Battle of Clostercamp: The French defeat the combined forces of Great Britain, Prussia, Hanover, Brunswick, and Hesse-Kassel.

 

 

1759

 

June 6 Major Gen. Wolfe sets sail from Louisbourg with 8,500 men in 119 transports

 

July 26 French Fort Niagara surrenders

 

July 26  Fort Carillon abandoned

 

July 31 Wolfe launches attack on Beauport line outside Quebec, driven off with 500 lost

 

Sept 12 -13 Wolfe launches attack to surprise Moncalm from the rear 1,700 troops climb 175 foot cliff and secure way to the Plains of Abraham. 4,250  English troops arrive on plain. Montcalm underestimates British strength and attacks-which is stopped dead by hidden men and artillery. French lose 500 killed. Montcalm wounded and dies on Sept 14. Wolfe killed in battle.Townsend becomes British commander and continues siege

 

Sept 17  Surrender of Quebec

August 1 – Battle of Minden: Anglo–Hanoverian forces under Ferdinand of Brunswick defeat the French

 

 

1760

 

April 26 French Gen.Levis sails downstream from Montreal in six frigates and 7,000 men to retake Quebec

April 28 Levis begins siege of Quebec

 

May 15 English ships begin to arrive at Quebec, Levis retreats toward Montreal.

 

Sept 8 Montreal surrenders as English army of 17,500 to which Levis only has 2,500

 

 

 

1761

 Aug 15 Spain enters war on France's side. The new Spanish king, King Carlos III was a cousin of King Louis XV of France .Charles's alliance reversed the policy of his predecessor, Ferdinand VI, who wished to keep Spain out of war.

January 16 - The British capture Pondicherry, India from the French. III ascends to the throne

 

 

1762

 Treaty of Fontainebleau, A secret treaty whereby France cedes Louisiana to Spain to keep it from falling to the British.

August 10 - The British East India Company seizes the port city of Manila, Philippines from the Spaniards.

October 5 - The British take Manila and make it an Open Port.

 

 

1763

Feb 10  Treaty of Paris England will retain Canada and all French land east of the Mississippi (except New Orleans, going to the Spanish) except islands of Saint Pierre ( for drying cod from the Great Banks ) and Miquelon off Newfoundland. Britain gained control of Florida. Spain regained Florida after the American Revolution,

 

British take Pensacola

 

May Siege of Fort Detroit start of Pontiac's Rebellion ( 1763-1766) Native Americans who had been allies of the defeated French found themselves increasingly dissatisfied with the British occupation and the new British policies

 

Oct 7 Royal Proclamation of 1763 boundary line created , land west of the west of the Alleghenies Mountains to be Indian land, all future land purchases were to be made by Crown

February 15 - The Treaty of Hubertusburg puts an end to the Seven Years' War

 

 

 

 

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